Volume 14 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

The importance of ophthalmoscopy training for general practitioners


Yousef Alizadeh, Mitra Akbari, Maryam Dourandeesh, Maryam Sadat Aleali, Ehsan Kazemnezhad

DOI: 10.9756/INT-JECSE/V14I1.358

Keywords: ophthalmoscopy, general physician, knowledge, skills


Abstract

Background: The objective of the present research study was to evaluate the knowledge of general practitioners in terms of direct ophthalmoscopy and the frequency of its implementation, with the aim of developing future programs for the improvement of educational methods and elimination of probable educational shortcomings. Methods: In the present descriptive cross-sectional research, general physicians completed questionnaires in their workplace. In total, 244 practitioners were randomly selected from the physicians active in Rasht, Iran, who were registered in the medical system. Results: The findings demonstrated that 61.7% of the general physicians studied had never implemented the ophthalmoscopy method, and 56.6% of cases mentioned that they had little knowledge about ophthalmoscopy. According to the general physicians studied, the reasons for not utilizing an ophthalmoscope included unavailability with a frequency of 51.67%, low mastery with a frequency of 28.18%, not feeling the need with a frequency of 26.17%, and lack of sufficient opportunities with a frequency of 9.39%. 84% of the cases studied mentioned that further training was needed for medical students in this field. The comparison of the initial characteristics between the groups of cases with and without experience in utilizing ophthalmoscopy showed that the rate of using this method was generally higher in men than in women, in physicians over the age of 30 years, in the graduates of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, in cases with more time out of university, and in physicians who were active in private offices compared to those active in government centers. The physicians with further knowledge about the instrument were also more likely to utilize it. Almost 84% of physicians expressed the need for further education regarding the use of ophthalmoscopy. Conclusion: The use of ophthalmoscopy by general physicians who are active in Rasht city is not highly frequent, and more than 50% of the cases studied did not have adequate skills to utilize this method. Practical training during the externships and internships of medical students can be helpful for the elimination of this problem. Also, improvement of the medical curricula and supplying ophthalmoscopes for physicians, especially in public services, can be effective in improving the knowledge and skills of physicians regarding the use of ophthalmoscopes.

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Volume 14 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

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Research Articles

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