Volume 14 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

EFFECTIVENESS OF LASER AS AN ADJUNCT TO PERIODONTAL SURGICAL PROCEDURE A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


Gaurav N Ketkar, Dr. N. D. Jayakumar

DOI: 10.9756/INT-JECSE/V14I1.378

Keywords: Periodontitis, Laser therapy, Flap surgery, Evidence based


Abstract

BACKGROUND : Chronic periodontitis is an infectious disease resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, loss of attachment, bone resorption and is characterized by pocket formation and/or gingival recession. Periodontal treatment/debridement carried out only with mechanical methods alone may fail to eliminate the tissue invasive pathogenic flora completely; therefore adjunctive antimicrobial therapy is equally important to achieve best results. Evidence has shown some benefits of using laser for non-surgical periodontal therapy. Improved clinical outcomes are due to its ablation or vaporization, hemostasis, field sterilization and morbidity reduction. OBJECTIVE/AIM : The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the clinical and microbiological effects of adjunctive laser therapy along with conventional periodontal flap procedures versus conventional flap procedures alone for the treatment of generalized chronic periodontitis. SEARCH METHOD : Three electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were searched for articles. Further articles were added using hand search. The search strategy was designed by the two authors. There were no date restrictions used in the search strategy. Reference lists of the selected articles were also searched. SELECTION CRITERIA : only clinical trials were included in the current systematic review. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS : Titles, abstracts and full texts of studies identified from the literature search were screened by two authors. Bias was analysed using Cochrane’s Risk of bias tool. RESULTS: The results of the systematic review emphasized that laser therapy used as an adjunct to conventional periodontal therapy significantly improves clinical and microbiological parameters also improves postoperative healing. CONCLUSION : within the limits of this systematic review it can be concluded that laser used as an adjunct to conventional periodontal flap procedures is an effective method to ensure better outcomes. Further research is needed in the field to back the results of the article.

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Volume 14 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education

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Research Articles

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