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Research Article | Open Access
Volume 14 2022 | None
Exploring Neuropsychological Markers Of Resilience And Vulnerability In Individuals With A History Of Childhood Trauma
Mr Hayash Teenoth, Dr Shaveta Tiwary Bharadwaj
Pages: 149-154
This research paper delves into the cognitive and emotional dimensions of resilience and vulnerability in individuals who have experienced childhood trauma. Through a battery of psychological assessments, we examined the neuropsychological markers that distinguish those who display resilience from those who exhibit vulnerability in the aftermath of childhood trauma. Our study, involving 300 participants with confirmed histories of childhood trauma, sought to elucidate the specific cognitive and emotional factors that shape the diverse outcomes experienced by trauma survivors. The results unveiled intriguing patterns within the realm of cognitive functioning, revealing that individuals with enhanced verbal comprehension and working memory capacities exhibited greater resilience. In contrast, vulnerability was associated with lower scores in perceptual reasoning and processing speed. Similarly, our investigation of memory function unveiled that those with superior verbal memory and learning abilities were more likely to exhibit resilience, showcasing their enhanced capacity for word recall and recognition. Emotional processing emerged as a pivotal factor in understanding resilience and vulnerability. Individuals with fewer depressive symptoms and lower trait anxiety, as indicated by their scores on the Beck Depression Inventory-II and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, were more likely to exhibit resilience. Conversely, those with elevated scores on these measures were at greater risk of vulnerability to the enduring effects of childhood trauma. These findings emphasize the intricate interplay between cognitive and emotional factors in shaping outcomes for childhood trauma survivors. They underscore the importance of cognitive flexibility, adaptive problem-solving, and emotional regulation skills as potential protective factors against the adverse impact of trauma. Importantly, these insights have significant implications for the development of targeted therapeutic interventions and support systems tailored to enhance cognitive and emotional resilience in individuals with a history of childhood trauma. While our study offers valuable insights into psychological markers of resilience and vulnerability, we acknowledge that a comprehensive understanding of this complex phenomenon necessitates integration with neuroimaging and psychosocial measures. Such interdisciplinary research endeavors hold the promise of advancing the development of personalized interventions to ameliorate the well-being of trauma survivors, providing them with the tools necessary to embark on a path towards recovery and resilience.
Childhood Trauma, Neuropsychological Markers, Resilience, Vulnerability, Psychological Assessments, Cognitive Functioning, Memory Function, Emotional Processing