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Research Article | Open Access
Volume 14 2022 | None
THE THEMES OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND SOCIETY STRUGGLES IN MULK RAJ ANAND'S NOVELS -- "UNTOUCHABLE AND COOLIE"
Dr.R.Suji
Pages: 2590-2595
Abstract
All people have equal, unalienable, and eternal access to human rights. Without certain fundamental rights, people are unable to live honourably. Human rights violations involve treating a person as if they don't exist as a living, breathing person. One of the few eminent English-language authors from India who has established a reputation as a major novelist is Mulk Raj Anand. He still has the status of being an English-language Indian writer who is a mainstay in the industry. Perhaps no other writer has had as strong of an association with literary production, the arts, and the nation's cultural mainstream as Anand. Readers and admirers of his books and short stories can be found everywhere. The disadvantaged segments of Indian society are a central theme in all of his works. The treatment of the underprivileged and marginalized segments of society is the recurring issue in his works that most impresses the reader. He is talking about man. This type of Anand’s love of humanism, a belief in all-embracing humanity, his urgent and fundamental concerns as a writer, and his ardent, true sympathy for the oppressed parts is what constantly inspire and stimulate him to write continuously and prolifically. According to Untouchable, people who are in charge of civil society on the basis of religious doctrine and the political system are the only ones who have access to human rights. According to Hinduism, The aristocracy Hindus has the right to denigrate lesser castes. Are human rights a departure from the beginning of a process or a step towards the acceptance of equality and freedom for all people? Human rights can be seen as morally correct concepts or as a set of goals aimed at creating a better world. They primarily advance philosophical, legal, social, psychological, and political discourses. However, this essay's main focus is on the relationship between human rights and literature, particularly to one specific type of literary writing, the novel. The focus of this paper will be on Mulk Raj Anand's "Untouchable" and "Coolie" and how they elaborate on human rights.
Keywords
Human rights, humanistic writing, Hinduism, violations of human rights, Untouchablility, colonial system , upper castes, out castes, low castes, values and ethics ,caste differences
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